Learning Kanji

I’ve set myself a goal of learning two new Kanji every week in 2013, using Kanji Land and Kanji Darthmouth as my main resources. Click on the kanji for external links that show you the correct order of strokes for each symbol, more information about the kanji itself as well as related, useful compounds.

There are some 50,000 kanji, but many of these are not in regular use. For most people learning kanji designated as Joyo Kanji (2136 symbols) by the Japanese Ministry of Education is sufficient, indeed you will be able to read 90% of newspaper text with a knowledge of around 1000 kanji.

Note: on-reading is in orange, kun-reading in blue.

  1.  (ねんとし) – year, age
  2. げつ・がつつき)– month, moon, Monday
  3. にち・じつひ・び・か) – day, sun, Japan, Sunday
  4. けんいぬ)– dog
  5. あめ・あま~)– rain
  6. いち・いつひと(つ))– one, unity
  7. う・ゆうみぎ) – right, right wing
  8. (えんまる・まるい) – circle, yen, smooth, round
  9. (おう・〜のう) – king, monarch
  10. (おん・いんおと・ね) – sound, music, noise, tone
  11. (か・げした・さげろ・さがろ・さ) – down, under, low, below
  12.  (ひ・〜び)– fire, Tuesday
  13.  (はな) – flower, blossom
  14. (かい) – shell, shellfish
  15. (がくまなまなぶ) – to study, education institute, student
  16. (き・け) – gas, spirit, vitality, atmosphere
  17. (きゅう・く・ここの(つ)) – nine
  18. (きゅうやす(む)やす(まる)) – to rest, holiday, to suspend
  19. (ぎょくたま〜だま) – gem, jewel, ball, coin-suffix
  20. (きん・こんかね・かな〜・〜がね) – metal, gold, money, Friday
  21. (くうそら・あ(く)・から) – sky, air, empty
  22. (けんみ(る)・み(える)・み(せる))– see, look, view, examine, show
  23. (いつ(つ)) – five, fifth
  24. (こう・くくち) – mouth, opening, hole
  25. (こう) – school, collate
  26. (ひだり) – left, left-wing
  27. (さんみ・みつ) – three, third
  28. (さんやま) – mountain, peak, climax
  29. (し・す) – child, noun suffix
  30. (よ・よっ(つ)・よん) – four
  31. (いと) – thread, yarn
  32. (じん・にんひと) – human being, person, man, personality
  33. (はは) – mother, native
  34. (あざ)– character, letter
  35. (みみ)– ear, hearing
  36. (しちなな)– seven, seventh day of the month
  37. (ほんもと) – basis, foundation, book, this, main
  38. (しゃくるま) – vehicle, wheel
  39. (しゅ) – hand, occupation suffix
  40. (じゅうとお) – ten, tenth, complete, cross
  41.  (しゅつ・すいで(る)・だ(す)) – go out, put out, expend
  42. (じょ・にょおんな・め) – woman, female, girl
  43. (しょうちさい・こ・お) – small, little, minor
  44. (じょううえ・あ(げる)・あ(がる)) – up, top, above, higher, superior, go up, raise, exhibit
  45. (しんもり) – forest, wood
  46. (すいみず) – water, Wednesday
  47. (せい・しょうただ(しい)・まさ) – right, correct, accurate, regular
  48. (せい・しょうい(きる)・う(まれる)・なま)– life, student, to be born, to grow
  49. (せい・しょうあおい) – blue, green, youthful
  50. (せきゆう)– evening, dusk
  51. (せき・しゃくいし) – stone, rock
  52. (せき・しゃくあかい) – red, Communist, equator
  53. (ちち) – father
  54. (せん) – thousand
  55. (せんかわ) – river, stream
  56. (せんさき) – ahead, before, first, last (week)
  57. ふた(つ)) – two, second
  58. (げん・がんもと) – origin, element, capital
  59. (そうはやい) – early, quick, fast
  60. (そうくち) – grass, weed
  61. (そくあし・た(る)) – foot, leg, suffice, addition
  62. (そんむら) – village
  63. (だい・たいおお(きい)・おお(いに)) – big, university, great, many, in general
  64. (だん・なんおとこ) – male, man
  65. (ちくたけ) – bamboo
  66. (ちゅうなか) – middle, in, inside
  67. (ちゅうむし) – insect, worm, bug
  68. (ちょうまち) – town, city
  69. (てんあめ・あま) – heaven, sky, weather, nature
  70. (てん)– rice, paddy field
  71. (ど・とつち) – soil, earth, land, Saturday
  72. (にゅうはい(る)・い(れる)) – to enter, put in, be admitted
  73.  (はく・びゃくしろ・しら) – white, blank, pure
  74.  (はちやっつ・よう) – eight, eighth, many
  75. (ひゃくもも) – hundred, various
  76. (ぶん・もんふみ) – letter, writings, literature, culture
  77. (ぼく・もく) – tree, wood, Thursday)
  78. (めい・みょう) – name, fame
  79. (もく・ぼく)– eye, item
  80. (りつ・りょうた(つ)・た(てる))– to stand, to establish
  81. (りょく・りきちから) – power, energy, ability, efforts
  82. (きょくま(がる)・ま(げる))– musical composition; to curve, bend
  83. (ぜんまえ) – before, front, former
  84. (ちょうつる・つり・つ) – angle [釣り糸・お釣り]
  85. (こう・きょうい(く)・おこな(う))– go, act, line
  86. (かた(る))– language, word, to tell
  87. (りんはやし) – forest, woods
  88. (ろくむ(っ)つ・むい) – six, sixth
  89. (いんひ(く)・〜びき) – to draw, quote, subtract
  90. (は・わ・はね) – wing, feather
  91. (えん・おんとお(い)) – distant, far, estranged
  92. (えいう(つる)・は(える)) – to reflect, project [映画]
  93. (が・がく) – picture, plan [映画]
  94.  (にく) – flesh, meat
  95. (どき・とき) – time, duration, period hour [時々]
  96. (よう) = day of the week [日曜日・月曜日]
  97. (しゅうさけ・さか〜) – alcoholic drink [お酒]
  98.  (ぶつ・もつもの) – thing, object, matter
  99. (ぎょ・うおさかな) – fish
  100. (す・しゅぬし・おも) – main, master [主人]
  101. (ちゅうあさ) – morning, dynasty [朝ご飯]
  102. (ちゅうひる) – noon, daytime [昼ご飯]
  103. (ばん) – evening [晩ご飯]
  104. (えつこ(す)こ(える)) – to go beyond
  105. (ねんもえる・もやす) – to burn
  106. () – load [荷物 – baggage]
  107. (ほうかた・〜がた) – direction, way, square
  108. (ばいうる・うれる) – sell []
  109. 使 (つか(う)) – use
  110. (さく・さつくる) – to make, to work, crops
  111. (まい) – every [毎日・毎年・毎回]

々 (踊り字= odoriji): ideographic iteration mark (doubles the Kanji that comes before it)

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